23 March 2022

Economic forecast: war in Ukraine will leave significant scars on the German economy

  • Russia’s attack on Ukraine casts a shadow over economic recovery
  • Inflation set to rise above 7 per cent in the coming months
  • German economy hit hard by commodity prices and supply shortages

The economic outlook by the chief economists of Germany’s private banks is subject to considerable uncertainty this spring. “Russia’s shocking attack on Ukraine will leave significant scars on the German economy. How deep they will be is impossible to predict at present,” said Christian Ossig, Chief Executive of the Association of German Banks, when unveiling the association’s spring forecast. 

For the first half of 2022, the private banks now expect economic growth to be extremely weak. Before the start of the war, it was forecast that the economy would pick up again in spring. “The main drags on the economy are sharply rising energy prices and once again worsening supply bottlenecks. If, as is to be hoped, the war in the Ukraine does not escalate further, we anticipate economic growth of 2.2 per cent overall in 2022. However, half of this growth is based on statistical effects from last year,” Ossig added. “The present economic situation is therefore much more sobering than it appears at first glance.”

The private banks are very concerned about the rapidly rising prices in the euro area as a whole. “We expect inflation to rise above 7 per cent in the coming months. This is the highest it has been for 40 years. And we expect prices to go on rising significantly in the coming years.”

“The European Central Bank must finally wake up. We’ve been calling for an end to negative interest rates for years. Given the dramatic inflation trend, the negative rate policy must be terminated before the end of the year. We need a clear road map for this now,” said Ossig. That would also be a clear signal for wages policy and for the capital markets to reduce possible risk premiums.

The association’s economic forecast is conducted every six months and is based on a survey of the 15 chief economists of private banks who make up the Economic and Monetary Policy Committee. 

At 11 a.m. today, Committee Chair Holger Schmieding, Chief Economist Berenberg, and Christian Ossig will unveil the economic forecast in Part 1 of our Banken ON SCREEN event “Putin’s war: consequences for Europe”.

In Part 2, which starts at 12 noon, Maya Atig, CEO of the Fédération Bancaire Française, and her Italian counterpart Giovanni Sabatini, General Manager of the Associazone Bancaria Italiana, will discuss with Christian Ossig the current developments and their implications for the strategic autonomy of the European Union. 

You can follow the event here.

The members of the committee are

Dr. Holger Schmieding, Chief Economist, Berenberg, and Committee Chair

Burkhard Allgeier, Chief Investment Officer, Chief Economist, H&A Global Investment Management

Dr. Klaus Bauknecht, Chief Economist, IKB Deutsche Industriebank

Daniel Bleiberg, Chief Economist, Deutsche Pfandbriefbank  

Dr. Jan Bottermann, Chief Economist, National-Bank

Carsten Brzeski, Chief Economist, ING-DiBa

Dr. Cyrus de la Rubia, Chief Economist, Hamburg Commercial Bank

Dr. Felix Hüfner, Chief Economist Germany, UBS Europe

Carsten Klude, Chief Economist, M.M. Warburg

Dr. Jörg Krämer, Chief Economist, Commerzbank

Carsten Mumm, Chief Economist, Donner & Reuschel

Dr. Andreas Rees, Chief Economist Germany, Unicredit Bank 

Stefan Schilbe, Chief Economist, HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt

Stefan Schneider, Chief German Economist, Head of German Macroeconomics, Deutsche Bank

Dr. Dirk Schumacher, Senior European Economist and Managing Director, Natixis Germany

Dr. Christian Ossig, Chief Executive, Association of German Banks

Markus Becker-Melching, Chief Operating Officer, Managing Director Strategy, Association of German Banks

Volker Hofmann, Head of Economics, Association of German Banks

Forecast summary

Germany

    Forecast
  2021 2022 2023
 Gross domestic product1) +2,9 +2,2 +2,9
 Household consumption expenditure1)   +0,1 +4,0 +2,7
 Government consumption expenditure1) +3,1 +1,5 +2,0
 Investment in machinery and equipment1) +3,4 +2,0 +6,0
 Investment in construction1) +0,7 +1,0 +2,5
 Exports1) +9,9 +6,0 +4,2
 Imports1) +9,3 +7,5 +4,2
 Consumer price inflation2) +3,1 +5,9 +2,5
 Number of unemployed (in million) 2,61 2,28 2,20

Euro area

    Prognose
  2021 2022 2023
Gross domestic product1) +5,2 +3,0 +2,5
Consumer price inflation (HICP)2) +2,6 +6,1 +2,4
Core rate2) +1,5 +2,8 +2,5
Unemployment rate 7,7 6,8 6,3

Financial markets and commodities

    Prognose
  22.3.2022 2022 2023
USD/EUR 1,10 1,15 1,19
Yield on German 10-year government bonds 0,52 0,60 0,90
Oil price (USD/barrel) 113,50 90,00 80,00

1) Real change in per cent on previous year
2) Annual average change in per cent on the previous year

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